HOPF violin. Made during WWI when the factory was placing the word “HOPE” on the the back stamp because of anti-semitism. Made in Klingenthal by family that eventually ended up immigrating to Great Britain and Ireland. Many of the “HOPE” violins are being played in Ireland to this day. This violin has the characteristic HOPF shape, and German varnish. Re-graduated with a new bass-bar, end-blocks and neck. Some top cracks and varnish repaired on the top. Back and sides are original. The original neck had mechanical pegs and so had to be replaced. It has been restored and plays wonderfully. Clear loud tone, pleasing to the ear. Auction prices on HOPF violins stamped HOPE have been between $1963.00- $6900. Because of varnish on the top not being original this one is priced to sell at $1200.